Ebola Outbreak

Ebola Outbreak

Ebola Virus
Ebola Virus
Ebola Virus
Ebola Virus
  • Origin: The Ebola virus was first reported in 1976. The name from the virus comes from the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo where it was discovered. At first the Ebola virus was suspected to be a new “strain” of the closely related Marburg virus. There are five different strains of the disease. Four of them can be spread to humans and the fifth one only affects primates. The fifth strain (Ebola-Reston) traces its origin back to the Philippines according to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The outbreak of Ebola- Reston happened in 1990 while researchers where investigating an outbreak of a Simian hemorrhagic fever in monkeys and they discovered that the Ebola Reston only affected primates, because the researchers didn’t develop any symptoms.

    Fruit Bats
    Fruit Bats
  • About Ebola: It is believed that the carriers of this deadly disease are bats, particularly fruit bats, without showing any symptoms. So you don’t know if bats have it because they don’t show the symptoms! In parts of Africa bats are hunted for food, while bats are cooked the virus dies. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization are counseling people to avoid bats because handling the animal in food preparation could put them in contact with the virus.

    Ebola symptoms
    Symptoms
  • Symptoms: When a person gets infected by Ebola the symptoms appear anytime between two or twenty-one days. The symptoms are:
    • Muscle aches
    • Fevers
    • Headaches
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Stomach pain
    • Sore throats
    • Rash
    • Red eyes
    • Impaired kidney and liver function
    • When the virus infects the bloodstream the person may bleed internally and externally.
    • Some of the symptoms are the same symptoms as Malaria and Cholera diseases, which makes a delay for the person to receive proper treatment.

      Aid workers and doctors transfer a Spanish priest who was infected by with the Ebola virus, from a plane to an ambulance as he leaves the Torrejon de Ardoz military airbase. Photo by Spanish Defense Ministry.
      Aid workers and doctors transfer a Spanish priest who was infected by with the Ebola virus, from a plane to an ambulance as he leaves the Torrejon de Ardoz military airbase. Photo by Spanish Defense Ministry.
  • Treatments and vaccines: The symptoms of Ebola are treated as they appear. The treatment is to provide the person with intravenous fluids, and balance their electrolytes (body salts). Maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure. Good supportive care and the patient’s immune response play a big role on the recovery of the person. People who recover from the disease develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years, or maybe longer. It is not known if people who recover are immune for life or if they can become infected with a different species of Ebola, but people that recover from the disease develop complications such as joints and vision problems. There is no vaccine for Ebola but experimental vaccines are under development, they have not yet been fully tested for effectiveness.
    Thomas Eric Duncan
    Thomas Eric Duncan

    Nina Pham
    Nina Pham
  • Information of individuals who have contracted the disease recently: Thomas Eric Duncan was the first person diagnosed with Ebola virus in North America. He was Liberian, he came to the United States to visit some family members in Dallas. Unfortunately, he died on October 8.One health care worker became infected with Ebola when she was treating Duncan. Nina Pham (26 years old) recently contracted the virus. Nina Pham is the first person to develop Ebola within the United States. Pham’s dog (Bentley) was taken for tests to detect if it had the virus. Test results showed that Bentley tested negative for the Ebola virus. Pham’s condition has been upgraded from “fair” to “good”. She was treated at the Texas Health Presbyterian
    Amber Vinson
    Amber Vinson

    Hospital in Dallas, then she was transferred to the NIH Special Clinical Studies Unit in Maryland. The NIH said that Pham expressed her gratitude for her well-wishers, and that “no additional details are available at this time.” She is treated with a staff that has 50 to 60 personnel who are trained to deal with biohazards. Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases revealed that Pham had received plasma donated from Ebola survivor Dr. Kent Brantly. Dr. Kent Brantly was going to donate plasma to Eric Duncan too but their blood type weren’t compatible. Amber Vinson a nurse that cared for Duncan was thought that she was infected by the virus. Blood tests showed negative for the virus. But the test results don’t mean that she will be leaving Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, or that she is Ebola-free. Vinson will be moved to a lower-risk section of the isolation unit.

    Center for Disease Control and Prevention
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Role: The Center for Disease Control and Prevention are taking precautions to prevent further spread of Ebola in the United States

    airport screeningairport screening 2

  • Affecting the United States: There a new restrictions on visitors flying from countries that suffer from the Ebola outbreaks. Flights from Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea can only land at five U.S. airports: JFK, Dulles Newark, O’Hare and Atlanta’s Hartsfield –Jackson. Passengers that are in these flights will be “…subject to secondary screening and added protocols, including having their temperature taken, before they are admitted to the U.S.” according to a statement from Secretary Jeh Johnson. He also stated that officials are working to locate and screen any individuals who have entered the U.S. and have been in Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Guinea in the past 21 days.

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  • Outbreak affected my life: The outbreak has me scared. Everybody in social medias have talked about it. Recently my mother gave birth (maybe 2 weeks ago) and the last days she has taken my little sister to check-ups. In the hospital there are sick people, and I don’t want my family members to get this deadly disease. I know that eventually everyone is going to die from a disease or something else. But if you can prevent from getting Ebola then it should be easy not getting it. Because everyone knows and talk about this disease, other people are also scared from getting it. Some people make jokes about it, and I hate that. Ebola is a deadly disease it’s not something to laugh about. That is really sad because thousands of people have died from Ebola.

    Ebola-conspiracy-theories-abound-GMO-bioweapon-DoD-experiment-gone-wrong-Five-incredible-theories-explored

  • Conspiracy Theories: “Ebola is not real and the only people who have gotten sick are those who got shots from the Red Cross.” There are theories that the Red Cross has brought “Ebola” to people in West Africa by injecting them with it and that Ebola is not a real disease. But these are just theories true or not Ebola has killed thousands of people only time will tell us if it does exist.
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